Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT

Beijing BRT

Updated: 16 June 2015    Full page map    Beijing BRT photos

Beijing
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,850  South of Tiantan, N-S, PM peak, 11-Jun-2015. Corr. 2-4 1,100-1,350 Jan 2013 surveys    [ITDP survey]
Year system commenced: 2004  corridors 2 & 3 August 2008; corridor 4 2012   
System name: Beijing BRT   
Number of BRT stations: 78  17/20/22/19 corridors 1/2/3/4   

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,850  South of Tiantan, N-S, PM peak, 11-Jun-2015. Corr. 2-4 1,100-1,350 Jan 2013 surveys    [ITDP survey]
Peak buses / hr / direction: 30  Tiantan, N-S, PM peak, 11-Jun-15    [ITDP survey]
City centre peak hour speed: 18-20 km/hr  Surveys Jan 2013   
Full corridor peak hour speed: 19 km/hr  Surveys Jan 2013   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 79 km   
Operational mode: trunk-only   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 1  B3区间   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 5  2/1/1/1 in corridors 1/2/3/4   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 95   
Network of routes and corridors     3 lines, but no interconnections
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     Not in corridors 2 and 3
Faster than a trotting donkey   
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors     Only 1 route in 4 corridors
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses   
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     Unlikely in corridor 1; not in corridors 2 or 3
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)   

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 319  87 18m corr 1; 100 18m and 8 18m trolleybus corr 3; 100 corr 4   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 319   
Fleet of integrated BRT feeder buses: 0   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  left side in corridor 1   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 4  3 in corridor 1   
BRT vehicle length: 18.5m   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel, LNG, electric  CNG in first corridor 1 buses, discontinued   
BRT bus manufacturer: Jinhua Neoplan, Beijing Futian, Beijing Trolleybus Factory  trolleybuses were JV with Jinhua Neoplan   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: Qingdao Hisense   
Real-time next bus information displays   
Distinctive BRT buses     Difficult to distinguish from many non-BRT articulated buses
Sliding doors in BRT stations     Newer stations have sliding doors
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)   
Automated fare collection and fare verification   
System control centre   
High-quality passenger information on buses   
Real-time CCTV surveillance at all stations   

Other

BRT Standard score (GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE): Basic BRT  Corridor 1 is Bronze, others Basic BRT or non-BRT   
Year system commenced: 2004  corridors 2 & 3 August 2008; corridor 4 2012   
System name: Beijing BRT   
Lead international design / planning work: Energy Foundation   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Beijing BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 78  17/20/22/19 corridors 1/2/3/4   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway  Left of service lane in corridors 2, 3, 4   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 75m   
Shortest BRT station: 40m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 59 km  14/9.5/11/24.5km corridor 1/2/3/4   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 79 km  16km/15km/23km/25km corridor 1/2/3/4   
Station platform height: 35cm   
Average distance between stations: 940m  940m/790m/1000m corridor 1/2/3   
Number of corridors: 4   
Number of BRT terminals: 4   
Number of BRT depots: 2   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways   
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)   
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations   
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations   
Wheelchair accessible stations   
Distinctive BRT stations   
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)   
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges   
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations   
Stations away from intersections   
Station size based on passenger demand   
Full weather protection on most station platforms   
Full weather protection on all station platforms   
Covered station access   
Escalators/lifts at >20% of stations with bridges/tunnels   
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections   
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations   
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Some in corridor 4
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)   
Improvements to nearby public space     Partial in corridor 1, but not in later corridors
Physical BRT laneway dividers   

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): distance-based  2 RMB for 1st 10km and 1RMB for each additional 5km, 50% off for smart card, started 26-Dec-2014   
Median cash fare: 2 yuan  2 RMB for 1st 10km and 1RMB for each additional 5km, 50% off for smart card   
Median smart card fare: 1 yuan  50% off for smart card   
Infrastructure cost per km: 40m yuan  1st corridor only. US$4.8m at Jul-04 rate   
18m BRT bus cost: 1.6m yuan  Initial Iveco CNG buses cost $350,000; later Neoplan diesel buses $250,000   
BRT management agency: Beijing Public Transport Holdings, Ltd. (BPT)   
More than one BRT bus operator   
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification   
Competitively bid operating contracts   
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger   
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government   
BRT authority plans and controls the system   

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