Changzhou BRT Changzhou BRT Changzhou BRT

Changzhou BRT

Updated: 28 November 2015    Full page map    Changzhou BRT photos

Changzhou
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,980  South of Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
Year system commenced: 2008  Jan-08 1st 12.5km, full 1st corridor 18-Apr-08, 2nd corridor 2-May-09   
System name: Changzhou BRT   
Number of BRT stations: 59   

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,980  South of Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
Peak buses / hr / direction: 43  Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
City centre peak hour speed: 17 km/hr  Surveys 2-Jul-15. 19.5km/hr in AM & PM samples, 19-20 June 2013    [ITDP survey]
Full corridor peak hour speed: 17 km/hr  Surveys 2-Jul-15. 19.5km/hr in AM & PM samples, 19-20 June 2013   
Operational mode: direct-service   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 13  B10,B11,B12,B13,B15,B16,B19,B22,B23,Y1,Y2,H1,H2   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 2  B1, B2   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 70   
Network of routes and corridors   
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     Not in city centre
Faster than a trotting donkey   
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors   
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses     In some segments
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor   
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)   

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 395  133 18m and 262 12m   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 133   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 4  2 in the supplementary route buses   
BRT vehicle length: 18.5m  11m supplementary route buses   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 35   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 45  Includes 2 folding seats   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel, hybrid  31 12m diesel-electric hybrids on B12   
BRT bus manufacturer: MAN / Huanghai (25); Scania (35); Kinglong (31 hybrid)   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: Qingdao Hisense   
Real-time next bus information displays   
Distinctive BRT buses   
Sliding doors in BRT stations   
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)   
Automated fare collection and fare verification   
System control centre   
High-quality passenger information on buses   
Audio announcements on BRT buses   

Other

BRT Standard score (GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE): BRONZE   
Year system commenced: 2008  Jan-08 1st 12.5km, full 1st corridor 18-Apr-08, 2nd corridor 2-May-09   
System name: Changzhou BRT   
Lead local design / planning work: Beijing Urban Engineering Design & Research Institute Co.   
Project website: www.czgj.cn   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Changzhou BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 59   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 60m   
Shortest BRT station: 56m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 51.9 km  26.7km in line 1 (incl 5.9km extension 2012); 19.3km in line 2   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 54 km   
Station platform width (including walls & doors): 3.5m   
Average distance between stations: 900m  980m in line 1   
Number of corridors: 2   
Number of BRT terminals: 3  2 in line 1; 1 in line 2   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways   
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)   
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations   
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations   
Wheelchair accessible stations   
Distinctive BRT stations   
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)   
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges   
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations   
Stations away from intersections   
Station size based on passenger demand   
Full weather protection on most station platforms   
Full weather protection on all station platforms   
Covered station access     Access is mostly at-grade
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections   
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations   
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)   
Improvements to nearby public space   

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): flat fare   
Median cash fare: 1 yuan   
Median smart card fare: 0.8 yuan  0.3 yuan for students   
Infrastructure cost per km: 30m yuan  1st corridor only US$4m at Jul-07 rate   
BRT bus operator(s): No. 1, No. 3, No. 5 Bus Company  No.1, No.3, No.5 Bus company are all branches of Changzhou Public Transportation Co.   
BRT management agency: Changzhou Transit Group   
Operating hours: 5:00am-10:30pm   
More than one BRT bus operator   
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification   
Competitively bid operating contracts   
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger   
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government   
Oversight from an independent entity/agency   
BRT authority plans and controls the system   

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