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Guangzhou BRT

Updated: 19 March 2017    Full page map    Guangzhou BRT photos

Guangzhou
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 23,500  17-Mar-17, east of Shidajida station, AM peak east-west   
Year system commenced: 2010  Opened 10 February   
System name: GBRT   
Number of BRT stations: 26   

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 23,500  17-Mar-17, east of Shidajida station, AM peak east-west   
Peak buses / hr / direction: 254  Shidajida station, surveys March 2017   
City centre peak hour speed: 15.1 km/hr  Surveys in Oct. 2017   
Full corridor peak hour speed: 17 km/hr  surveys Oct 2017   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 273 km   
Operational mode: direct-service   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 44  Including short & express route variations   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 2  B1 and B1 Express   
System passenger-trips per day: 850,000  May 2014 weekday average. Does not include transfers inside stations   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 87   
Highest peak hour boardings at a single station: 8,500  Tangxia in morning peak & Gangding in evening peak, Aug-2010   
Highest full-day boardings at a single station: 55,000  Gangding station, 26-Feb-10   
Major prizes: 2011 Sustainable Transport Award; multiple national & international awards   
Network of routes and corridors   
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)   
Faster than a trotting donkey   
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors   
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses   
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor   
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)   

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 130  36 18m, 94 12m   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 859   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 36   
Type of fare collection / verification technology: Card, cash   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 2-3  2 in 12m, 3 in 18m buses   
BRT vehicle length: 12m, 18m   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 36  Some have 28 seats   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 47   
BRT vehicle fuel: LPG, hybrid   
BRT bus manufacturer: Kinglong, Yutong  Kinglong is based in Xiamen   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: Qingdao Hisense   
Real-time next bus information displays   
Distinctive BRT buses     Though only some routes have special BRT buses
Sliding doors in BRT stations   
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)     All are LPG except 156 LNG buses introduced Dec 2012
Automated fare collection and fare verification   
System control centre   
High-quality passenger information on buses   
Audio announcements on BRT buses   
Real-time CCTV surveillance at all stations   

Other

BRT Standard score (GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE): SILVER  92, but 13 pt deductions for speed, poor enforcement, and overcrowding   
Year system commenced: 2010  Opened 10 February   
System name: GBRT   
Lead local design / planning work: Guangzhou Municipal Engineering Design Research Institute   
Lead international design / planning work: Far East BRT experts working for ITDP   
Project website: www.gzbrt.org   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Guangzhou BRT or GBRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 26   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 100%  All stations have passing lanes   
Most station substops: 4  Tiyu Zhongxin & Shidajida Stations   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 285m  Shidajida, 4-module facing. Gangding 380m incl walkways   
Shortest BRT station: 55m  Xiasha Station (one module facing)   
Total length of dedicated busway: 22.5 km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 22.5 km   
Station platform width (including walls & doors): 5m   
Station platform height: 35cm   
Average distance between stations: 880m   
Number of corridors: 1  Zhongshan Avenue   
Number of BRT terminals: 0  Operational model does not require special BRT terminals   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways     Traffic police allow mixed traffic during peak hour
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)   
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations   
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations   
Wheelchair accessible stations   
Distinctive BRT stations   
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)   
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges   
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations   
Stations away from intersections   
Station size based on passenger demand   
Full weather protection on most station platforms   
Full weather protection on all station platforms   
Covered station access   
Escalators/lifts at >20% of stations with bridges/tunnels   
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections   
Level boarding and alighting     some buses have a step
High-quality passenger information at stations     Though hard to understand for visitors
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Though not at all stations
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     Yes, but encroached upon in some areas
Improvements to nearby public space     Liuyun Xiaoqu, Tangdong, several other locations
Physical BRT laneway dividers   

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): flat fare   
Median cash fare: 2 yuan   
Median smart card fare: ~1.5 yuan  Discounts for multiple trips   
Fare range (cash payment): 2 yuan   
Infrastructure cost per km: 30m yuan  US$4.4m, Jul-09 rate   
BRT bus operator(s): No. 1 Bus Co, No. 2 Bus Co., No. 3 Bus Co., Zhenbao, Xinsui, Dianche, Xinfuli   
BRT management agency: Bus Rapid Transit Operation and Management Co., Ltd   
Operating hours: 5:30am-11:00pm  Some routes start later and end earlier   
More than one BRT bus operator     7 companies, 3 groups
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification   
Competitively bid operating contracts   
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger   
No operational subsidy from government     BRT is subsidized, but for the citywide low fare policy
Buses paid for by operators rather than government   
Oversight from an independent entity/agency     BRT management company
BRT authority plans and controls the system     Public Transport Management Office (planning) and BRT Management Co. (control)

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