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Hangzhou BRT

Updated: 31 October 2017    Full page map    Hangzhou BRT photos

Hangzhou
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 3,450  13-Oct-2017 AM peak, west of Wulin Guangchang Bei, E-W   
Year system commenced: 2006  Late '08 Line 2 to Luojiazhuang, '09 line 2 to rail stn, late '09 line 2 Zhengxin Huayuan to Jindu Beilu, Jan. 2010 line 3, sw part of line 2   
System name: Hangzhou BRT   
Number of BRT stations: 75   

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 3,450  13-Oct-2017 AM peak, west of Wulin Guangchang Bei, E-W   
Peak buses / hr / direction: 56  13-Oct-2017 AM peak Wulin Guangchang Bei, E-W   
City centre peak hour speed: 14.8 km/hr  multiple surveys Oct 2017. Avg of B1, B2, B3   
Full corridor peak hour speed: 14.8 km/hr  multiple surveys Oct 2017. Avg of B1, B2, B3   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 234 km   
Operational mode: direct-service   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 50   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 13  B1, B2, B3, B4, B7, Bzhi1, Bzhi2, Bzhi3, Bzhi4, Bzhi5, Bzhi6, Bzhi8, 400   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 62   
Network of routes and corridors   
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     Not in city centre
Faster than a trotting donkey   
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors   
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses   
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor   
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)   

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 171  50 18m for B1, 53 18m for B2, 22 18m for B3, 23 18m and 8 12m for B4, 15 12m for B7   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 143   
Fleet of integrated BRT feeder buses: 0   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 4   
BRT vehicle length: 18.5m  Also 11m buses   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 35   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 48   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel   
BRT bus manufacturer: Jinhua Neoplan, 6 18m Yutong  Based in Zhejiang   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: Hangzhou Haikangweishi Digital Technology Co.   
Real-time next bus information displays   
Distinctive BRT buses   
Sliding doors in BRT stations   
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)   
Automated fare collection and fare verification   
System control centre   
High-quality passenger information on buses   
Audio announcements on BRT buses   

Other

BRT Standard score (GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE): Non-BRT  Corridor 1 is Bronze, others Non-BRT   
Year system commenced: 2006  Late '08 Line 2 to Luojiazhuang, '09 line 2 to rail stn, late '09 line 2 Zhengxin Huayuan to Jindu Beilu, Jan. 2010 line 3, sw part of line 2   
System name: Hangzhou BRT   
Lead international design / planning work: Wilbur Smith   
Project website: hzbus.com.cn   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Hangzhou BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 75   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Varies  Line 1 adjacent to a segregated bike lane. Line 2 curbside bus lane. Line 3 mixed traffic.   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 60m   
Shortest BRT station: 30m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 28.4 km  line 1 16.6km; line 2 11.8km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 55.4 km  line 1 27.1km; line 2 19km; line 3 9.3km   
Station platform width (including walls & doors): 2.5m-5m  B1 3-5m, B2 2.5-3.5m   
Station platform height: 32cm   
Average distance between stations: 1,100m   
Number of corridors: 3  Lines 2 and 3 operate mainly in mixed traffic   
Number of BRT terminals: 6  3/1/2 in corridors 1/2/3   
Number of BRT depots: 1   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways   
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)   
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations   
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations   
Wheelchair accessible stations   
Distinctive BRT stations   
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)   
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges   
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations   
Stations away from intersections   
Station size based on passenger demand   
Full weather protection on most station platforms   
Full weather protection on all station platforms   
Covered station access     Access is mostly at-grade
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections   
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations   
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)   
Improvements to nearby public space   
Physical BRT laneway dividers   

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): flat fare   
Median cash fare: 4 yuan  3 yuan in Mar, Apr, Oct, Nov, as AC is not required   
Median smart card fare: 2 yuan  1.5 yuan in Mar, Apr, Oct, Nov, as AC is not required   
BRT bus operator(s): Hangzhou Public Transport Group Co   
BRT management agency: Hangzhou Public Transport Group Co.   
Operating hours: 5:30am-10:00pm   
More than one BRT bus operator   
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification   
Competitively bid operating contracts   
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger   
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government   

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