Jinan BRT Jinan BRT Jinan BRT

Jinan BRT

Updated: 23 July 2014    Full page map    Jinan BRT photos

Jinan
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,050  East of Lishan Lu station, 16-Jul-2014, east-west, PM peak    [ITDP survey]
Year system commenced: 2008  Line 1 22-Apr-08, Line 2 26-Sep-08, Line 3 16-Apr-09, Line 4 27-Aug-09, Line 6 late 2009, Line 7 Apr 2014   
System name: Jinan BRT   
Number of BRT stations: 56   

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,050  East of Lishan Lu station, 16-Jul-2014, east-west, PM peak    [ITDP survey]
Peak buses / hr / direction: 49  Lishan Lu station, 3-Mar-2014 & 16-Jul-2014, east-west, PM peak    [ITDP survey]
City centre peak hour speed: 17.5 km/hr  AM & PM peak surveys 3-Mar-2014 & 16-Jul-2014    [ITDP survey]
Full corridor peak hour speed: 17.5 km/hr  AM & PM peak surveys 3-Mar-2014 & 16-Jul-2014   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 56 km   
Operational mode: trunk-only  though some routes operate for short sections outside the BRT corridors   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 5  BRT2, BRT3, BRT4, BRT6, BRT7   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 2  BRT1, B1-4   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 43  90, south of Huayuanluxikou, N-S, AM, 3-Mar-2014   
Network of routes and corridors   
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     Not in city centre
Faster than a trotting donkey   
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors   
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses   
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     Likely, in some parts of the corridor
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)   

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 195  65 18.5m Zhongtong, 55 18m Neoplan, 60 12m Neoplan, 15 12m Zhongtong   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 120  65 Zhongtong, 55 Neoplan   
Location of bus doorways: Both sides  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 3  2 in both sides of 12m buses   
BRT vehicle length: 12m, 18.5m   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 29   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 41  37 (extended front) and 36 seats in the Zhongtong 18m BRT buses, 41 in Neoplan   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel, LNG  30 new Zhongtong 18m buses use LNG   
BRT bus manufacturer: Zhongtong, Jinhua Neoplan  Zhongtong (Shanxi) 18.5m, Neoplan 18m, 12m   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: Qingdao Hisense   
Real-time next bus information displays     Displays present but not functioning
Distinctive BRT buses   
Sliding doors in BRT stations   
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)     Euro III buses; but fuel?
Automated fare collection and fare verification   
System control centre   
High-quality passenger information on buses   
Audio announcements on BRT buses   
Real-time CCTV surveillance at all stations   

Other

BRT Standard score (GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE): BRONZE   
Year system commenced: 2008  Line 1 22-Apr-08, Line 2 26-Sep-08, Line 3 16-Apr-09, Line 4 27-Aug-09, Line 6 late 2009, Line 7 Apr 2014   
System name: Jinan BRT   
Lead international design / planning work: Energy Foundation   
Project website: jnbus.net   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Jinan BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 56   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway  Lines 1 & 4 under massive new elevated roads   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 54m   
Shortest BRT station: 35m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 41.6 km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 41.6 km   
Average distance between stations: 760m   
Number of corridors: 5  1 east-west and 4 north-south   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways   
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)   
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations   
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations   
Distinctive BRT stations   
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)   
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges   
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations   
Stations away from intersections   
Station size based on passenger demand   
Full weather protection on most station platforms   
Full weather protection on all station platforms   
Covered station access     Under elevated roads, mostly at-grade access
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections   
Level boarding and alighting   
High-quality passenger information at stations   
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)   
Improvements to nearby public space     BRT mostly under massive new elevated roads, deadening all nearby spaces

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): flat fare   
Median cash fare: 2 yuan  Increase to 2 from 1 yuan on 1 April 2013   
Median smart card fare: 1.8 yuan  A 50 yuan monthly pass for urban non-a/c buses can also be used in the BRT   
BRT bus operator(s): Jinan BRT Co.  Jinan BRT company is a branch of Jinan Public Transportation Co.   
12m BRT bus cost: 800,000 yuan   
18m BRT bus cost: 1.4m yuan   
BRT management agency: Jinan Public Transport Corporation   
More than one BRT bus operator   
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification   
Competitively bid operating contracts   
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger   
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government   

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