Pre-board fare collection and fare verification

  Amsterdam   2011
  Bangkok   2017
  Beijing   2015
  Bogota   2016
  Brisbane   2015
  Cali   2013
  Cape Town   2012
  Changzhou   2015
  Chengdu   2015
  Dar es Salaam   2017
  Guangzhou   2017
  Guiyang   2017
  Hangzhou   2017
  Islamabad   2015
  Istanbul   2012
  Jakarta   2013
  Jinan   2014
  Johannesburg   2012
  Kuala Lumpur   2015
  Lanzhou   2015
  Leon   2013
  Lianyungang   2017
  Lima   2011
  Los Angeles    pay and display; no pre-board verification 2013
  Mexico City    Though not in line 4 2013
  Nagoya    Station turnstiles installed but not used. Payment upon alighting 2013
  Nantes    Tickets can't be bought on bus. Cards scanned on entry/exit, tickets bought at vending machines at statio 2011
  Paris   2016
  Pune   2015
  Quito   2008
  Shanghai   2017
  Shaoxing   2017
  Urumqi   2016
  Xiamen   2016
  Yancheng   2015
  Yichang   2015
  Yinchuan   2015
  Zhengzhou   2016
  Zhongshan   2015


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