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Paris TVM

Updated: 1 February 2016    Full page map    Paris BRT photos

Paris
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,900  East of Choisy Le Roi station, AM peak, 28-Jan-2016   
Year system commenced: 1993  Opened 1 October   
System name: TVM or Trans-Val-de-Marne   
Number of BRT stations: 32   

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,900  East of Choisy Le Roi station, AM peak, 28-Jan-2016   
Peak buses / hr / direction: 52  Choisy Le Roi station, AM peak, 28-Jan-2016   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 19.1 km   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 4  103, 182, 393, and RER circulator   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 1  TVM   
Network of routes and corridors   
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors   
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses   
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor   
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)   

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 41  Irisbus Agora Euro 3 18m buses (May 2010). Only 37 in use in June 2011   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 41  Irisbus Agora Euro 3 18m buses (May 2010). Only 37 in use in June 2011   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 3   
BRT vehicle length: 18m   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel   
BRT bus manufacturer: Irisbus Créalis  older Renault (Irisbus) to be replaced by early 2012   
Real-time next bus information displays   
Distinctive BRT buses   
Sliding doors in BRT stations   
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)   
Automated fare collection and fare verification     Also allows cash payment to driver, with change given
High-quality passenger information on buses   
Audio announcements on BRT buses   

Other

Year system commenced: 1993  Opened 1 October   
System name: TVM or Trans-Val-de-Marne   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     TVM or Trans-Val-de-Marne


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 32   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 3%  Marché International de Rungis station   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Varies; mainly in centre   
Total length of dedicated busway: 18.5 km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 19.1 km   
Average distance between stations: 620m   
Number of corridors: 1   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways   
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)   
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations   
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations   
Wheelchair accessible stations   
Distinctive BRT stations   
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)   
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges   
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations   
Stations away from intersections   
Station size based on passenger demand   
Full weather protection on most station platforms   
Full weather protection on all station platforms   
Covered station access   
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections   
Level boarding and alighting   
High-quality passenger information at stations   
Bicycle parking at BRT stations   
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)   
Improvements to nearby public space   
Physical BRT laneway dividers   

Regulation & costs

Infrastructure cost per km: 6.43m euros  Based on cost of 7km Marché international de Rungis to La Croix de Berny stations in 2005 (45m euros)   
BRT management agency: RATP   
Infrastructure financing source: 42.5% national, 42.5% regional, 15% local   
More than one BRT bus operator   
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification   
Competitively bid operating contracts   
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government   

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The Paris data is primarily from 2010, but the bus frequency and passenger throughput information is from January 2016.


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