Paris BRT Paris BRT Paris BRT

Paris TVM

updated: 1 February 2016    Full page map    Paris BRT photos

Paris
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,900  East of Choisy Le Roi station, AM peak, 28-Jan-2016   
Year system commenced: 1993  Opened 1 October   
System name: TVM or Trans-Val-de-Marne   
Number of BRT stations: 32   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways:    
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification:    

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,900  East of Choisy Le Roi station, AM peak, 28-Jan-2016   
Peak buses / hr / direction: 52  Choisy Le Roi station, AM peak, 28-Jan-2016   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 19.1 km   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 4  103, 182, 393, and RER circulator   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 1  TVM   
Network of routes and corridors     
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors     
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses     
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)     

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 41  Irisbus Agora Euro 3 18m buses (May 2010). Only 37 in use in June 2011   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 41  Irisbus Agora Euro 3 18m buses (May 2010). Only 37 in use in June 2011   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 3   
BRT vehicle length: 18m   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel   
BRT bus manufacturer: Irisbus Créalis  older Renault (Irisbus) to be replaced by early 2012   
Real-time next bus information displays     
Distinctive BRT buses     
Sliding doors in BRT stations     
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)     
Automated fare collection and fare verification     Also allows cash payment to driver, with change given
High-quality passenger information on buses     
Audio announcements on BRT buses     

Other

Year system commenced: 1993  Opened 1 October   
System name: TVM or Trans-Val-de-Marne   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     TVM or Trans-Val-de-Marne


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 32   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 3%  Marché International de Rungis station   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Varies; mainly in centre   
Total length of dedicated busway: 18.5 km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 19.1 km   
Average distance between stations: 620m   
Number of corridors: 1   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways     
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)     
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations     
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations     
Wheelchair accessible stations     
Distinctive BRT stations     
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)     
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges     
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations     
Stations away from intersections     
Station size based on passenger demand     
Full weather protection on most station platforms     
Full weather protection on all station platforms     
Covered station access     
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections     
Level boarding and alighting     
High-quality passenger information at stations     
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     
Improvements to nearby public space     
Physical BRT laneway dividers     

Regulation & costs

Infrastructure cost per km: 6.43m euros  Based on cost of 7km Marché international de Rungis to La Croix de Berny stations in 2005 (45m euros)   
BRT management agency: RATP   
Infrastructure financing source: 42.5% national, 42.5% regional, 15% local   
More than one BRT bus operator     
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification     
Competitively bid operating contracts     
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government     

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The Paris data is primarily from 2010, but the bus frequency and passenger throughput information is from January 2016.


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