Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT

Xiamen BRT

Updated: 27 December 2016    Full page map    Xiamen BRT photos

Xiamen
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 9,850  East of Wolong Xiaocheng, W-E, PM peak, 2015.12.16    [ITDP survey]
Year system commenced: 2008  Opened 2008.9.1. Corridor 2 Binhai XC to Tong'an Jul-10   
System name: Xiamen BRT   
Number of BRT stations: 46   

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 9,850  East of Wolong Xiaocheng, W-E, PM peak, 2015.12.16    [ITDP survey]
Peak buses / hr / direction: 107  Wolong Xiaocheng, W-E, PM peak, 2015.12.16    [ITDP survey]
City centre peak hour speed: 27 km/hr  AM peak surveys, 30-Jun-2015    [ITDP survey]
Full corridor peak hour speed: 27 km/hr  AM peak surveys, 30-Jun-2015   
Operational mode: trunk-only  has feeder routes, but not strongly integrated   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 12   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 6  B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 92   
Network of routes and corridors   
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)   
Faster than a trotting donkey   
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors   
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses   
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor   
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)   
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)   

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 307  Includes 82 18m buses as of June 2013   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 82  as of June 2013   
Type of fare collection / verification technology: Card, token   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 2  3 in the 18m buses   
BRT vehicle length: 10m, 12m, 18m  12m trunk, 10m feeder. 6 18m BRT buses introduced 24 April 2010. 6 more on 1 May   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 35   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel   
BRT bus manufacturer: Kinglong   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: Qingdao Hisense   
Real-time next bus information displays   
Distinctive BRT buses   
Sliding doors in BRT stations   
Automated fare collection and fare verification   
System control centre   
High-quality passenger information on buses   
Audio announcements on BRT buses   

Other

BRT Standard score (GOLD, SILVER, BRONZE): SILVER   
Year system commenced: 2008  Opened 2008.9.1. Corridor 2 Binhai XC to Tong'an Jul-10   
System name: Xiamen BRT   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Xiamen BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 46   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 4%  2 stations   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Elevated busway  bus-only elevated road; some at-grade median aligned   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 68m   
Shortest BRT station: 40m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 56 km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 57 km   
Station platform height: 35cm   
Average distance between stations: 1,300m  915m in e-w section   
Number of corridors: 3   
Number of BRT terminals: 4  Diyi Matou, Qianpu Shuniuzhan, Xiamen Beizhan, Tong'an Shuniuzhan   
Number of BRT depots: 4  One at the end of each corridor   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways   
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)   
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations   
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations   
Wheelchair accessible stations   
Distinctive BRT stations   
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)   
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges     Including a tunnel and very long bridge
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations   
Stations away from intersections   
Station size based on passenger demand   
Full weather protection on most station platforms   
Full weather protection on all station platforms   
Covered station access   
Escalators/lifts at >20% of stations with bridges/tunnels   
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections   
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations   
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     Bikes are banned along Xiahe Rd corridor
Improvements to nearby public space     Riverside improvements on Xike corridor

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): distance-based  0.1 yuan/km, min 0.5 yuan, max 5 yuan   
Median cash fare: 0.5 - 5 yuan  0.1 yuan/km, min. 0.5 yuan, max. 5 yuan   
Median smart card fare: 0.3 - 3 yuan  0.06 yuan/km, min 0.3, max 3 (40% less than cash)   
Infrastructure cost per km: 10 billion yuan for 48.9km  2008 value. Baidu Baike. ~35km elevated   
BRT management agency: Xiamen BRT Operation Company and Xiamen BRT Plaza-station Company   
Operating hours: 5:45am-10:50pm   
More than one BRT bus operator   
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification   
Competitively bid operating contracts   
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger   
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government   

Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT Xiamen BRT

Creative Commons Attribution License. You may use for any purpose, but only with attribution / credit to Far East BRT Planning.